Basic Research


Basic research is defined as research aimed at advancing science and technology by advancing current theories and the discovery of new theories. Basic research, also known as pure research or fundamental research, is research aimed at the advancement of science and aimed at developing existing theories or discovering new ones. Researchers who conduct basic research seek to further knowledge without regard for directly applying the research's findings. Basic research makes a significant contribution to the formulation and testing of hypotheses that will underpin applied research. Basic research is more concerned with understanding, explaining, and forecasting natural and social events. Basic research findings may not be able to address the problem directly, but they can help to improve it (Dharma, 2008). The goal of basic research is to expand scientific knowledge and laws in everyday life.

Because basic research is abstract and general, it can be generalized. Basic research does not answer actual problems directly but instead serves as a foundation for solving practical problems. In other words, the findings of basic research can impact everyday life. Examples of basic research that is closely related to the topic of education include studies on the elements that influence human intelligence on learning outcomes. The findings of this study can be utilized as a guide to understanding the components that influence the learning process.

Definitions of Basic Research According to Experts

The definition of basic research according to experts, among others:

      1. LIPI

Basic research is defined as any research that seeks to develop scientific competence or to uncover new topics of study without a definite practical goal in mind. This suggests that the benefits of study findings are not immediately realized but will be realized in the long run.

      2. Legal Information Institute

Basic research, often known as research, is a systematic study to understand the fundamental features of observable occurrences and facts that have no particular application to a specific process or product.

      3. Research Methodology

Basic research, also known as pure research, rarely yields results that can be applied immediately in practice. Curiosity and a desire to learn more about a specific research topic drive basic research. This form of research adds to academic knowledge in a particular topic.

Basic research tends to make broad generalizations about a phenomenon, and its philosophy might be summarized as "knowledge collection for the sake of knowing." Basic research typically seeks to answer why, what, and how questions, and it tends to add to the body of knowledge in the field.

In contrast to Basic research is applied research that aims to solve specific problems, so the findings of applied research have immediate practical implications.

      4. Very Well Mind

The word "basic research" refers to studies and research aimed at expanding the body of scientific knowledge. These study approaches are frequently entirely theoretical, intending to improve our understanding of a specific phenomenon or behavior, but they do not endeavor to address or remedy these issues.

Basic research has several characteristics as follows:

      1.    Improve understanding of basic principles
      2.    Building new knowledge
      3.    Often purely theoretical
      4.    Usually a source of new scientific ideas or new perspectives on the world
      5.    Laying the foundation of science
      6.    Can use an exploratory, descriptive, or explanatory approach. However, the most common is explanatory research.
      7.    Primarily academic or conducted by universities
      8.    Disputing or supporting theories that explain how the world operates
      9.    Increase human scientific knowledge base or understanding of phenomena
      10.    Not trying to solve the problem
      11.    Results have no direct economic potential or value
      12.    Generate new ideas, principles, and theories or simply expand human knowledge
      13.    No direct practical use
      14.    Expand knowledge about various things
      15.    Not meant to make or create anything